|LETTERS TO EDITOR
|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 141-142
Aprepitant for patients with head-and-neck cancer receiving once-a-week cisplatin with radiation: Is it required?
Vanita Noronha, Hollis D'souza, Amit Kumar Choudhary, Vijay M Patil, Gunjesh Kumar Singh, Amit Joshi, Nandini Menon, Kumar Prabhash
Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
|Date of Submission||18-Jan-2021|
|Date of Decision||31-Jan-2021|
|Date of Acceptance||04-Feb-2021|
|Date of Web Publication||26-Mar-2021|
Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Noronha V, D'souza H, Choudhary AK, Patil VM, Singh GK, Joshi A, Menon N, Prabhash K. Aprepitant for patients with head-and-neck cancer receiving once-a-week cisplatin with radiation: Is it required?. Cancer Res Stat Treat 2021;4:141-2
|How to cite this URL:|
Noronha V, D'souza H, Choudhary AK, Patil VM, Singh GK, Joshi A, Menon N, Prabhash K. Aprepitant for patients with head-and-neck cancer receiving once-a-week cisplatin with radiation: Is it required?. Cancer Res Stat Treat [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Apr 22];4:141-2. Available from: https://www.crstonline.com/text.asp?2021/4/1/141/312123
Concurrent chemoradiation (CRT) is an important treatment modality in patients with head-and-neck squamous cell carcinomas. Cisplatin is a commonly used radiosensitizer in this setting. The emetogenic potential of cisplatin in a once-a-week regimen at doses below 50 mg/m2 is lower than that with the 100 mg/m2 once-in-3-weeks regimen., Aprepitant is a necessary antiemetic administered usually in once-in-3-weeks regimens. However, there are limited data on the utility of aprepitant with a once-a-week cisplatin regimen.
Patil et al. conducted a Phase III randomized trial on 536 patients with head-and-neck cancers, comparing radical CRT with once-a-week cisplatin, with or without nimotuzumab. We retrospectively studied the impact of aprepitant on nausea and vomiting in the patients enrolled in this trial. Of the 536 patients enrolled in the trial, data related to the adverse events of nausea and vomiting were available for 524 patients, and data on the use of aprepitant were available for 521 patients.
Nausea and vomiting of any grade were observed in 251 (47.9%) and 155 (29.6%) patients, respectively. Nausea and vomiting of grade 3 and above were seen in 6 (1.1%) and 7 (1.3%) patients, respectively. Nausea of any grade was observed in 112 (42.3%) of 265 patients who received aprepitant versus 137 (53.5%) of 265 patients who did not receive aprepitant (P = 0.011). Likewise, vomiting of any grade was observed in 71 (26.8%) of 265 patients who received aprepitant versus 84 (31.7%) of 265 patients who did not receive aprepitant (P = 0.252). The adjusted odds ratios for the use of aprepitant for antiemetic prophylaxis in the prevention of nausea and vomiting of any grade were 1.585 (1.116–2.249; P = 0.010) and 1.328 (0.904–1.951; P = 0.149), respectively. There was no difference in the rates of grade 3 or above nausea (P = 0.686) or vomiting (P = 0.278) between the two cohorts. In conclusion, the use of aprepitant with once-a-week cisplatin led to a significant decrease in nausea of any grade. It is important to confirm these findings in a prospective randomized setting.
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Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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