|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2020 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 859-860
Should we add chemotherapy to radiation therapy in older adults with locally advanced head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma?
Manikandan Dhanushkodi1, Venktesh Vaidhyalingam2, Arvind Krishnamurthy2
1 Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Institute (WIA), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Surgical Oncology, Cancer Institute (WIA), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
|Date of Submission||18-Oct-2020|
|Date of Decision||20-Oct-2020|
|Date of Acceptance||20-Oct-2020|
|Date of Web Publication||25-Dec-2020|
Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Institute (WIA), 38, Sardar Patel Road, Chennai - 600 020, Tamil Nadu
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Dhanushkodi M, Vaidhyalingam V, Krishnamurthy A. Should we add chemotherapy to radiation therapy in older adults with locally advanced head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma?. Cancer Res Stat Treat 2020;3:859-60
|How to cite this URL:|
Dhanushkodi M, Vaidhyalingam V, Krishnamurthy A. Should we add chemotherapy to radiation therapy in older adults with locally advanced head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma?. Cancer Res Stat Treat [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Jan 18];3:859-60. Available from: https://www.crstonline.com/text.asp?2020/3/4/859/304993
We would like to congratulate Singh et al. for comparing the efficacy and toxicity of cisplatin-based radiation between the older (aged =/>60 years) and younger adults (aged <60 years) based on a post hoc analysis of a randomized controlled trial and Srinivasalu et al. for the accompanying editorial.,
A total of 17 older adult patients with locally advanced head-and-neck cancer with a median age of 61 years (range, 60–67 years) were included in this analysis. This cohort was compared against another cohort of 283 younger adult patients. The younger cohort had a roughly equal representation of the weekly cisplatin (51%) and 3-weekly cisplatin (49%) regimens. However, 12 (71%) of the older adults received 100 mg/m2 3-weekly cisplatin and 5 (29%) received 30 mg/m2 weekly cisplatin. Could this disparity have led to the improved 2-year locoregional control (100%) in the older adults? Why was baseline audiometry used as a demographic variable? Interestingly, although more than three-fourth of the older patients did not have a formal audiometric evaluation, it did not impact their ototoxicity outcomes.
The study showed no difference in grade 3/4 toxicities between the two cohorts, except for the higher (statistically insignificant) leukopenia/neutropenia observed in the older cohort with similar outcomes. Could the similar toxicities be due to the higher dose reduction (18% in older vs. 8% in younger adults)? Why did younger adults have a higher rate of grade 3/4 odynophagia (48% vs. 23%)?
Grade 3 weight loss as per the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.03 includes weight loss of >20% or the need for tube feeding. The authors mention that 63.4% of the older adults needed tube feeding, but grade 3 or higher weight loss was observed in none.
It would be interesting to know the authors' views about why the Japanese study by Kiyota et al. showed an improved outcome (non-inferior) with weekly cisplatin contrary to the Indian study by Noronha et al. that showed an inferior outcome with weekly cisplatin?,
The limitations of the study include its design (unplanned, post hoc analysis), small sample size (n = 17), exclusion of patients aged >70 years, the disparity in the cisplatin dose in the older cohort, a considerable difference in the size of the two cohorts (17 patients in the older cohort vs. 283 in the younger cohort), statistically significant difference in the proportion of oral cavity primaries (53% in older vs. 89% in younger adults), lack of quality of life analysis, and lack of geriatric assessment scales for the older adults. Post hoc analyses are hypothesis-generating, which could represent mere coincidences and mandate the testing of these hypotheses in a randomized controlled study.
Despite the above limitations, some of which have already been alluded to by the authors in the article, the results of this subset analysis of the randomized controlled trial have the potential to refine the real-world practice of managing older adults with locally advanced head-and-neck cancers. The clear take-home message is that well-selected older patients should not be denied the option of concurrent chemoradiation (3 weekly cisplatin 100 mg/m2) merely because of their chronological age.
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Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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Srinivasalu VK, Pavithran K. Does chemoradiotherapy benefit older patients with squamous cell carcinomas of the head-and-neck? Cancer Res Stat Treat 2020;3:580-2. [Full text]
Kiyota N, Tahara M, Fujii H, Yamazaki T, Mitani H, Iwae S, et al.
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