• Users Online: 1206
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 4-9

Outcomes in rhabdomyosarcoma: Experience from a tertiary cancer center in India

1 Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Institute (WIA), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Surgical Oncology, Cancer Institute (WIA), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Radiotherapy, Cancer Institute (WIA), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Venkatraman Radhakrishnan
Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Institute (WIA), Adyar, Chennai - 600 020, Tamil Nadu
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/CRST.CRST_14_19

Get Permissions

Background: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is an embryonal tumor seen commonly in children. There is a paucity of literature on RMS from India. The present study was conducted to look at the disease characteristics and outcome of RMS patients treated at our center. Methods: This was a retrospective study that included patients with RMS of all age groups treated at our center between 2001 and 2016. Overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were calculated using the Kaplan–Meier method. Results: The study included 70 patients with a median age of 7 years (1–70 years) and 42/70 (60%) were male. The common sites of disease were parameningeal in 31 (44%) and extremity in 17 (24%) patients. Metastasis at presentation was seen in 22/70 (31%) patients. Embryonal (66%) followed by alveolar (9%) and pleomorphic (4%) were the common histologic subtype. The risk stratification showed good-risk in 13 (18%), intermediate-risk in 35 (50%), and high-risk in 22 (32%) patients. The median duration of follow-up was 70.4 months (Confidence interval: 26.1–114.8 months). The median EFS and OS in the study were 11 months and 21 months, respectively. The factors associated with better OS were male gender (P = 0.038), nonmetastatic disease (P = 0.028), good- and intermediate-risk subgroup (P = 0.002), complete surgical excision (P = 0.002), and radiotherapy (P = −0.002). Conclusion: Outcomes in RMS remain dismal with most patients presenting with advanced disease. Multimodality management with chemotherapy, surgery, and radiotherapy in patients with nonmetastatic disease improves outcome.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded95    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal