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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 121-138

Current treatment landscape and emerging management options for extremity sarcoma

Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Siddharth Turkar
Room 1102 HBB, Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/CRST.CRST_9_19

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Malignant tumors of extremity are mostly of mesenchymal origin and arise from bone or extraskeletal soft tissue. Combination chemotherapy has greatly increased the survival of non-metastatic localized osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma; however, there is conflicting evidence regarding the role of neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy in soft tissue sarcoma due to the rarity and heterogeneous population. Despite intensive multimodal therapy and valiant efforts, most of the patients with relapsed and metastatic sarcoma will succumb to their disease. Molecular studies like next-generation sequencing have revealed various targetable biomarkers which can be further explored in the therapeutic landscape with specific targeted therapies. We reviewed all ongoing and completed clinical trials involving chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy valid for patients with extremity sarcoma. We present the current viable therapeutic options for such a cohort of patients in routine clinical practice.

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