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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 110-115

Prevalence of tobacco use among school-going adolescents in India: A systematic review of the literature


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Tagore Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Oral and Maxillo Facial Surgeon, Private Practitioner, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
B Kumara Raja
Tagore Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/CRST.CRST_16_19

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Individuals who initiate tobacco use during adolescence are likely to continue the use into adulthood, and this constitutes a major risk factor for premature death. The purpose of this study was to systematically review existing literature on the prevalence of tobacco use among school-going adolescents in India. Records were searched from the various databases such as PubMed, PubMed Central, Cochrane Library, Embase, and Google Scholar for studies published from 2000 to 2018. A total of 20 studies with a total population of 50, 390 were reviewed. The prevalence of tobacco smoking among school-going adolescents ranged from 5.9% to 49%. The common risk factor for tobacco usage among school-going adolescents was found to be peer pressure. Parents' smoking behavior, family conflict, stress, and curiosity were also found to be additional risk factors. The prevalence of tobacco usage among school-going adolescents was found to be high. These findings emphasize the need for formulating strict tobacco control policies at school premises.


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